Have you gone to camping or hunting many times or perhaps gotten some badges in the Boy Scouts? Sorry to break you, but these don’t mean you are ready to survive in the wilderness. This article offers outdoor survival tactics that you need to master now if you want to come out alive.
How To Find Water
It is just normal to carry water with you when you go camping, but what would you do if you ran out of water?
The first thing you need to know is how to find water. A map packed into your wilderness survival bag is ideal to find a water source. However, if you are in a worst case scenario, you better know some tricks, such as dragging a cloth on the ground behind you to absorb dew and water that can be squeezed out.
Once you have successfully found a water source, you need to be sure if it is safe to drink. Streams and rivers, even the cleanest-looking ones, usually have parasites, viruses, and bacteria in them. In this case, you need to practice survival tactic of purifying water, which can be accomplished in multiple ways.
- Put purification tablets in your survival pack
- Make sure you put a camping water filter in your survival pack
- Boil the water for 10 minutes to kill most bacteria and viruses
- Learn to create a water filter out of sand and charcoal
Making A Shelter
A prepared person would have a Bug Out Bag with a tent and sleeping bag. But if you are in the wilderness and don’t have a tent, you should make a survival shelter. Learning how to do it is by far one of an essential outdoor survival tactic. There are several types of shelters you can learn, including tarp shelters, debris shelters, frame shelters, teepees, and 90-degree shelters.
Starting A Fire
Learning how to make a fire is one of the most important survival skills you should possess. It may be easy to make a fire by creating a teepee out of dry sticks and lighting a bit of paper underneath, but what if it just rained? Or what if you are in a desert where finding even a single stick isn’t possible? If you still don’t know how you go these things, then you must master the fire making skill now.
If you are out of a toilet paper in your survival kit and you need to take a dump, you can grab a handful of leaves as a toilet paper replacement. However, you need to be aware that many leaves can cause a painful, itchy rash on your rear. You should be able to recognize local plants and besides, many plants are edible, which are also helpful to include in your endeavor to mastering the art of hunting.
As what is mentioned above, a lot of plants in nature are edible. Since it may be time-consuming for you to memorize every single plant in the wild, it is recommended to learn the Universal Edibility Test. Put a small piece of the unknown plant on your lips and then your mouth. Finally, eat a small bit. It may take time but will allow you to forage food.
Wilderness survival situations may bring you to medical problems, such as sprained ankles, fractures, burns, dislocated limbs, blisters, and diarrhea. It is a good idea to take a first aid class, so you know to handle such problems correctly.
Animal Attack Response
If you plan on going somewhere where there are bears, you should learn first the difference between a brown bear and a black bear. You should make some loud noises and stand your ground if you encounter a black bear and walk away slowly if it is a brown bear. It will also be a big help if you carry a can of bear pepper spray. Aside from bears, you need also to be careful of other wild animals, including wolves, snakes, wild boars, mountain lions, poisonous spiders, scorpions, and ticks.
In a worst-case scenario, you may encounter dangerous people than animals. Better prepare to defend yourself from human attacks by having a gun or other self-defense devices that are legal to bring and use in your area. You should know how to use them and master self-defense tactics if you expect to survive human attacks.